International Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction
Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction: SFDRR
The following is the list of seven global targets in the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction.
In the history of frameworks for disaster risk reduction, which have been drawn up since 1995, it is the first time that “reduction” is clearly stated in its goals. Since it set up the goal of reductions in mortality, meaning a substantial reduction in disaster risks, in an era where disaster risks will be on the rise if nothing is done, under the influence of population growth, climate change and rapid urbanization, it can be said to be a very ambitious goal.
< For more details see Outcome of the United Nations World Conference on Disaster Reduction >
Although seven global targets have been developed, indicators which state the specific content, for example, definition of terms and method of calculation, are necessary to monitor the progress of the goals. Within the SFDRR, development of these indicators have been mentioned as future issues to consider. As mentioned in the framework, in the UN General Assembly in June 2015, an open-ended inter-governmental working group (OEIWG) on Indicators and Terminology Relating to Disaster Risk Reduction comprised by experts from member states was established.
At the third formal session, report of the OEIWG including recommendation of the indicators for the seven global targets was finalized and it will be submitted to the UN General Assembly and officially be adopted by March 2017.
< Report of the Open-ended intergovernmental expert working group on indicators and terminology relating to disaster risk reduction (Advance Unedited Version) >
Sustainable Development Goals: SDGs
In the Sustainable Development Summit, which was held from September 25 to 27, 2015, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development was adopted, containing 17 Goals and 169 targets.
The 17 Goals are the most important in the United Nations, including various development issues around the world, such as poverty, education, health, employment opportunities, climate change, biodiversity, infrastructure, and energy.
Goals related to disaster management have been incorporated in the SDGs.
In goal 11, targets linked to the SFDRR can be seen, as follows:
Goal 11 : Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
Target 11.5 : By 2030, significantly reduce the number of deaths and the number of people affected and
substantially decrease the direct economic losses relative to global gross domestic product
caused by disasters, including water-related disasters, with a focus on protecting the poor
and people in vulnerable situations
Target 11.b : By 2020, substantially increase the number of cities and human settlements adopting and
implementing integrated policies and plans towards inclusion, resource efficiency, mitigation
and adaptation to climate change, resilience to disasters, and develop and implement, in line
with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, holistic disaster risk
management at all levels